Notes are done by students as personal study guides.

Prof. Norbert Schoenauer does not take responsibility for their accuracy.


1)Single family detached houses can be traced back to the bungalow, which was a form of housing developed by the British in India from an indigenous house type called 'bangla' Its deep eaves, and thatched roof suited the tropical climate very well. British increased the scale, introduced clerestorey windows for interior rooms. the verandah that surrounded the house was deep protecting the main house as well as giving it an approachability to the servile Indians.

2)The bungalow thus, became an elite house type in India. It incorporated Indian building elements like the wooden grill, the 'jaali', which kept out harsh sunrays but allowed wind to blow through the house. It also provided visual privacy. Terraces were incorporated from the roof tops and could be highly ornate.

3 )Typically, the bungalow , a ground floor structure, was raised on a high plinth (this had climatic as well as social reasons.) Dining rooms and parlours occupied central positions and had the highest roof height and were lit and ventilated through clerestorey windows. The bedrooms were adjacent and had a lower roof height than the dining room. Bed rooms had adjoining dressing and bath rooms which had a lower roof height than the bedrooms so that the latter too were ventilated by clerestorey. Bathrooms had external acceses for servants to clean them without entering the house. Kitchens were a separate from the main house as cooking was usually done by servants. Deep verandahs and porches fronted or backed the bungalows.

4) Typical section through bungalow showing clerestorey windows and high plinth.

5) Brightly lit sitting rooms or parlours had the highest roof height and were central in position.

6)Site plan showing detached bungalows on individual plots. Retired British officers returned home and chose a similar building type for homes. Since they didn't have servants anymore, kitchen had to be integrated into the house. The elderly saw these ground floor structures as better options to the traditional ground + 2 storeyed European houses. Detached bungalows were initially seen as sea-side homes.

7) Around the 1920 this typology was adopted for permanent housing. (Guilford 1920) The kitchen and service areas were placed to carefully separate the private and public zones of the house.

8) Bungalow adapted to vernacular European building elements.

9) Encino California. --Meryl Lynch. The bungalow carried its exclusive and elite representation to America.

10) New Orleans. bungalow in the Garden District. the building type remained a ground floor structure. Clerestorey windows replaced by smaller dormers, as they were no longer required climatically.

11) Burlington . In Canada, due to heavy snow, the house was raised on a high plinth, due to which a basement could be accomodated under it.

12) Single family detached houses were shown as model homes in textbooks.

13) Model plans issued by the state for home builders.

14) Gropius House 1938 Prominent Architects of the Modern and Post Modern movements built for themselves and thus promoted the detached house type.

15) Glass House. Philip Jhonson.

16)Douglas House. Richard Mier.

17) Falls House II. Peter Eisenman.

18)Callahan Residence. Moshe Safdie.

19) Capri: Piazza Umberto Italy. The size of this piazza, the scale and ambiance of which has enchanted tourists for many generations, is 60' by 60' which is that of a suburban plot for a single family detached house.

20) Capri: Piazza Umberto. Plan.

21) Floating House Vancouver.

22) Sea Village The houses are self sufficient with generators and waste collectors. They float on water and are gently rocked by the rising or receding tide.

23) Sea Village. Granville Islands.

24) Sea Village Vancouver.

25) Shotgun House. New Orleans. All the rooms were arranged in a single file such that if one shot at one end of the house the bullet would pass through all the rooms.

26)Camel Back house. Garden District. New Orleans. Another type of detached house where the bed rooms were raised to the first floor, while the rest of the house remained on the ground floor.

27)Fairview Park. Hong Kong. Cliff Wong.Detached houses are planned within a colony with common recreational and public amenities.

28) Detached House Type. Hong Kong 1985. Cliff Wong.

29) Kuwait. Post Oil Period.Detached House Type mirrored individual lifestyle and opulence.

30) Kuwait. Post Oil Period. Private swimming pools , tennis courts

31)Trompe-l'oeil. Cairo. Painted Windows on the south fascade.

32) F.L. Wright. De........ House.During the energy crisis solutions were sought to make the house energy-efficient. Earth berms, and Earth Sheltered houses helped conserve energy.

33)Allan K.... Study of caves revealed that due to the high thermal capacity and the sheer bulk and inertness of earth, outdoor temperature fluctuations had no effect on indoor temperatures.

34)Wells' Underground House type.

35) Don Metz. Earth Shelter. Winston home.

36) Frugthaven. Housing Co-Op. Denmark.

37) Solar Houses. Frugthaven.

38)First floor plan. Frugthaven.

39) Interiors. Frugthaven.

40) 'The Arc' P.E.I. . Named after Noah's arc, the house was built as a prototype of a self-sufficient, no-energy house. Its green house was supposed to provide all the food needed, was also supposed to have its own fish farm.

41) 'The Arc' Greenhouse. Though it attracted a lot of public attention it could not succeed beyond the experimental stages.

42) Seaside Town. Florida Parkandale. Orr and Tarlor. This energy efficient housing colony was built on the principles of ' New Urbanism' Built along the sea shore it has very high real estate prices.

43) Seaside Florida. Paved streets, and abundant greenery.. visitors' cars are not permitted within the premise.

44)Cooper House. Sea Side. Open Planning.

45) "Verandah Classic." Seaside Florida. Orr and Taylor.

46) Picket fences, white verandahs and greenery. reminescent of vernacular American architecture.

47) "Naomie" Bournville model 1995.

48) "Naomie" Plan. Absence of vestibule makes the design unsuitable to cold weather.