This course is a continuation of the course, History of Housing.
The objective of this course is to impart to the student an overview of housing prototypes in the North American urban and suburban environments. A brief historic outline of each major building type in the urban and suburban environment is followed by a comparative analysis of its attributes and shortcomings. The basic criteria of comparative analysis are livability, density, land-use efficiency, energy efficiency and affordability.
The course material is delivered in a two hour lecture format with the use of visual aid in the form of slide presentations. A ten-minute break precedes the second hour of each lecture period. Questions and student participation during the lecture are encouraged.
The course content is delivered in thirteen two-hour lectures in the second semester of the academic year. The topics are offered in the following sequence:
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1. Cities and suburbs 1: 1940s, `50s and `60s.
2. Cities and suburbs 2: 1970s, `80s and `90s.
3. The detached and semi-detached single family house.
4. The court-garden house: urban and suburban developments.
5. The town house: row, cluster and hillside housing developments.
6. The highrise apartment building: slab apartments.
7. Highrise point-blocks and public housing developments.
8. The mid-rise apartment building: walk-up and elevator serviced medium-rise housing developments
9. Collective housing: collective houses and communal dwelling clusters.
10. Mixed-use development: pluri-use residential buildings and three Dimensional urban land-use zoning.
11. Economics and financing of housing: equity, mortgage, subsidy and equity-participation.
12. Outdoor extensions of dwellings: balconies, terraces, patios, and gardens.
13. Community facilities and housing design: Fermont.
Canadian Housing Policy and Summary.
The final mark is based on the results from an essay assignment (40%) and an exam (60%) held at the end of the term.
1. Essay assignment:
You are required to submit a paper analyzing a multiple housing development in Montreal illustrated with plans and sections. (minimum length of paper: 6 pages; maximum: 12 pages)
Due: 1st lecture after mid-term exam.
2. End of term exam:
At the end of the course an one hour written exam is given.
1. David P. Handlin, The American House, 1979, Little, Brown and Company, Boston
2. Sam Davis, (Ed.), The Form of Housing, 1977, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York
3. Sam Davis, The Architecture of Affordable Housing, 1995, University of California Press, Berkeley.
4. John Macsai et al, Housing, 1976, John Wiley and Sons, New York
5. Dolores Hayden, Redesigning the American Dream, 1984, W.W. Norton & Co., New York
6. Richard Untermann and Robert Small, Site Planning for Cluster Housing, 1977, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.) New York
7. N. Schoenauer and S. Seeman, The Court-Garden House, 1962, McGill University Press, Montreal'
8. Diane Ghirardo, Architecture after Modernism, 1996, Thames and Hudson, London.
9. Katlrryn McCamant and Charles Durrett, Co-housing, 1994, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley.
10. Karen A. Franck and Sherry Ahrentzen (editors), New Households, New Housing, 1989, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York
11. Oscar Newman, Defensible Space, 1972, The Macmillan Co., New York
12. Dimitri Procos, Mixed Land Use, 1976, Dowden, Hutchison & Ross, Inc., Pennsylvania
13. Jane Holtz Kay, Asphalt Nation, 1997, Crown Publishers Inc., New York.
14. Christopher Alexander et al, A Pattern Language, 1977, Oxford University Press, New York
15. R. Starr, Housing and the Money Market, 1977, Basic Books, New York
16. James Howard Kunstler, The Geography of Nowhere, 1994, Simon & Schuster, New York.
17. Joel Garreau, Edge City, 1991, Doubleday, New York
18. Peter G. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 1991, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA
19. Norbert Schoenauer, Cities, Suburbs, Dwellings in the postwar era, 1994, School of Architecture, McGill University, Montreal
Prof. Norbert Schoenauer does not take responsibility for their accuracy.
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Schoenauer's article on their garden.