Professor Norbert Schoenauer

This course is a continuation of the course, History of Housing.

Course Objective:

The objective of this course is to impart to the student an overview of housing prototypes in the North American urban and suburban environments. A brief historic outline of each major building type in the urban and suburban environment is followed by a comparative analysis of its attributes and shortcomings. The basic criteria of comparative analysis are livability, density, land-use efficiency, energy efficiency and affordability.

Class Format:

The course material is delivered in a two hour lecture format with the use of visual aid in the form of slide presentations. A ten-minute break precedes the second hour of each lecture period. Questions and student participation during the lecture are encouraged.

Course Outline:

The course content is delivered in thirteen two-hour lectures in the second semester of the academic year. The topics are offered in the following sequence:

Course pages require a login id and password. Please ask instructor for these.

Multiplexes 1
Multiplexes 2

1. Cities and suburbs 1: 1940s, `50s and `60s.

2. Cities and suburbs 2: 1970s, `80s and `90s.

3. The detached and semi-detached single family house.

4. The court-garden house: urban and suburban developments.

5. The town house: row, cluster and hillside housing developments.

6. The highrise apartment building: slab apartments.

7. Highrise point-blocks and public housing developments.

8. The mid-rise apartment building: walk-up and elevator serviced medium-rise housing developments

9. Collective housing: collective houses and communal dwelling clusters.

10. Mixed-use development: pluri-use residential buildings and three Dimensional urban land-use zoning.

11. Economics and financing of housing: equity, mortgage, subsidy and equity-participation.

12. Outdoor extensions of dwellings: balconies, terraces, patios, and gardens.

13. Community facilities and housing design: Fermont.

Canadian Housing Policy and Summary.


The final mark is based on the results from an essay assignment (40%) and an exam (60%) held at the end of the term.

1. Essay assignment:

You are required to submit a paper analyzing a multiple housing development in Montreal illustrated with plans and sections. (minimum length of paper: 6 pages; maximum: 12 pages)

Due: 1st lecture after mid-term exam.

2. End of term exam:

At the end of the course an one hour written exam is given.


1. David P. Handlin, The American House, 1979, Little, Brown and Company, Boston

2. Sam Davis, (Ed.), The Form of Housing, 1977, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York

3. Sam Davis, The Architecture of Affordable Housing, 1995, University of California Press, Berkeley.

4. John Macsai et al, Housing, 1976, John Wiley and Sons, New York

5. Dolores Hayden, Redesigning the American Dream, 1984, W.W. Norton & Co., New York

6. Richard Untermann and Robert Small, Site Planning for Cluster Housing, 1977, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.) New York

7. N. Schoenauer and S. Seeman, The Court-Garden House, 1962, McGill University Press, Montreal'

8. Diane Ghirardo, Architecture after Modernism, 1996, Thames and Hudson, London.

9. Katlrryn McCamant and Charles Durrett, Co-housing, 1994, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley.

10. Karen A. Franck and Sherry Ahrentzen (editors), New Households, New Housing, 1989, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York

11. Oscar Newman, Defensible Space, 1972, The Macmillan Co., New York

12. Dimitri Procos, Mixed Land Use, 1976, Dowden, Hutchison & Ross, Inc., Pennsylvania

13. Jane Holtz Kay, Asphalt Nation, 1997, Crown Publishers Inc., New York.

14. Christopher Alexander et al, A Pattern Language, 1977, Oxford University Press, New York

15. R. Starr, Housing and the Money Market, 1977, Basic Books, New York

16. James Howard Kunstler, The Geography of Nowhere, 1994, Simon & Schuster, New York.

17. Joel Garreau, Edge City, 1991, Doubleday, New York

18. Peter G. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 1991, The MIT Press, Cambridge MA

19. Norbert Schoenauer, Cities, Suburbs, Dwellings in the postwar era, 1994, School of Architecture, McGill University, Montreal

Course pages require a login id and password. Please ask instructor for these.

Student Notes

Notes are done by students as personal study guides.

Prof. Norbert Schoenauer does not take responsibility for their accuracy.

These sample notes can be downloaded and edited using an html (ascii) editor. If the html tags are left intact, the resulting html file should run locally on your web browser (i.e. Netscape or Internet Explorer).

Lecture 3

Lecture 4

Lecture 5

Lecture 6

Lecture 8 notes by Z. Insaf

Lecture 4 note page for you to edit

Lecture 5 note page for you to edit

Lecture 6 note page for you to edit

Lecture 7 note page for you to edit

Lecture 8 note page for you to edit

Slide titles exist for parts of some lectures below starting with lecture 9. Prof. Schoenauer takes no responsibility for their accuracy. i.e. 9,10, and 11

Lecture 9 note page for you to edit

Lecture 10 note page for you to edit

Lecture 11 note page for you to edit

Lecture 12 note page for you to edit

See the Design section at the bottom of Norbert Schoenauer's web page for some garden and housing designs.

Schoenauer's article on their garden.

Questions on editing these notes, on uploading edited notes for others to view, or these web pages in general can be addressed to dchan@urbarc.lan.mcgill.ca